Showing posts with label Afghanistan. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Afghanistan. Show all posts

07 February 2022

Recensione libro: Metà Cielo, Mezza Luna (2005) di Silvia Codecasa, *****


Un vero viaggio di avventura per una donna sola che si mette in testa di attraversare una collana di paesi islamici, dalla Turchia all'Iran, all'Afghanistan, al Pakistan, fino all'India e qui si ferma il racconto mentre il viaggio prosegue fino all'Asia estrema. Una donna sola nel profondo dell'islam con i mezzi più disparati, sulle vie più diverse, treno, tram, auto, autobus, a piedi. Nel 1973 l'integralismo islamico non si era ancora risvegliato, erano in evidenza la grande poesia musulmana e i valori culturali delle etnie turche e curde, e quella del nobile, eroico popolo afgano. Però attraversare Turchia, Iran, Afghanistan e Pakistan voleva dire addentrarsi nel cuore di una civiltà in cui le donne non hanno personalità giuridica, possiedono diritti parziali sulla proprietà e nessun diritto sui figli, e dove il fatto che una donna cammini per strada da sola è talmente insolito da essere pericoloso. Accanto al racconto del viaggio vero e proprio, l'autrice ci intrattiene con le sue ricerche di carattere antropologico attraverso osservazioni che fanno del libro una raccolta di informazioni scientifiche. 


 Un'occhiata al mondo musulmano dell'Asia sud-occidentale da una donna di grande sensibilità. Mi ha toccato specialmente la descrizione dei suoi incontri in Afghanistan. Da allora le cose sono peggiorate.


20 November 2009

Film review: Opium, Afghanistan's Other War (2008), by Florence Gavage and Hossein Sadre, *****

Due to prolonged war and internal strife, Afghanistan has been devastated. The justice, health, education, welfare, communications and transport systems have suffered badly. The harvesting of poppies and the increase in the drug trade is now a major problem. Afghanistan is responsible for more than 85% of the world’s opium. UNODC (UN Office on Drugs and Crime) believes that although the systems are being implemented to tackle the problem, the production of opium is on the rise. The drugs trade is a major source of income and enables the Taliban, warlords and drug barons to maintain control of large parts of the country. As the most profitable cash crop, it also benefits poor farmers, and until there are viable alternatives, the poppies will continue to flourish. The confluence of myriad forces including the ongoing insurgency by the Taliban, the ubiquitous drug trade and a still-weak central government continue to hamper efforts at reconstruction and development. Today, the Afghan people are embarking on yet another long and arduous journey - this time on the road to recovery. Will they succeed ?

You can view this documentary on Youtube, thanks to the kind permission of the authors. See Part 1/2 here:

And Part 2/2 here:

03 October 2009

Film review: Afghanistan, Messengers from a Dark Past (2007), by Hossein Sadre and Florence Gavage, *****

Having been ravaged by over twenty-five years of civil war and strife, Afghanistan has today lost nearly all that made up its rich cultural past, as well as the pride of its inhabitants, in the days when caravans trod across the Silk Route. Long before these dark years, the various Afghan clans had already seen internal conflicts caused by their geographic isolation and the resulting political and social weakness. The principle of “divide and rule” became very easy to apply to these peoples who had no thirst for conquest.

This documentary goes back to the very early periods in the history of Afghanistan and its most ancient inhabitants, some 2.000 years ago: The Hazaras.

Over the centuries, they were colonized and their identities gradually eroded. From Arab conquests to the rule of the British-backed Amir Abdul Rahman Khan in the 1870s, right up to the Taliban, who destroyed the Bamyian Buddhas with the help of Pakistan and Saudi Arabia, a century of persecution, torture and humiliation finally subdued the Hazara people who were left without even a strand of hope.

You can view this film on Youtube by kind concession of the authors:

You can view Part 1/2 here:

You can view Part 2/2 here: