Lonely planet provides a good guide according to their usual standard:
Bradt is perhaps the richest guide for the cultural and historical aspects of the country:
La guida del touring mi è stata molto utile anche se queste guide sono spesso un po' noiose da leggere.
Kociekowski, Marius: “The Street Philosopher and the Holy Fool” (Sutton, 2004) Canadian writer travels through Syia.
Lesch, David: “The New Lion of Damascus” (Yale Univ Press, 2005). The rise to power of presidente Bashar Asad nel 2000.
Lieve, Joris:: “The Gates of Damascus” (Lonely Planet, 1999) the story of a Syrian journey by a Belgian writer. Interesting insight into local life in a family where a young man is arrested for political reasons.